thesis-icono

Battersea Power Station


multifunctional-wood-cover / thesis

 

 

Today, this factory is conceived as an abandoned icon, a landmark for the city that is slowly being forgotten. It was the first of a series of high-powered thermoelectric plants in England, in the process of power distribution “National Grid”, which used coal as feedstock. Built in two phases, the first one, in 1939,  had two fireplaces, and the second, in the 50s, appeared to be an identical replica from the outside, but nevertheless its structural analysis evidence the difference.

Its size, 160 x 170 meters and 50 meters high, with chimneys rising to 103 meters, transform it into not only a historical icon but also a visual landmark that can be seen from many points.

However, the station stopped generating electricity in 1983 and since then, despite numerous attempts and proposals to reactivate it, the factory has been destroyed gradually.

This conception of the plant as urban forgotten icon, led me to understand it as an independent building from the rest of the city, an internal centralized entity that can live with their own past and autonomous space, but self-sufficiently.

The Coworking will be able to accommodate all types of functions such as workshops, teaching areas, conference rooms, auditoriums, public and private exhibition spaces, service spaces and residences. This intervention will be able to increase and decrease the deck of the factory depending on the needs.

This idea of organization will transform the factory and its old skeleton in an organic architectural space that meets the needs of the city.

Location of old factories with similar status in the UK:

001. SITUACION

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[Location]


The two elements taken into account when deciding what to respect are, firstly the old Battersea brick facade, with a level II of protection, and secondly, the three major spaces of the factory, where today many popular activities of all types occur, from sporting events to concerts and demonstrations through all kinds of exhibitions.

Do not modify nor disrupt these elements lead us to think of the cover as the best location for the project.

C__Users_Alba_Documents_UNIVERSIDAD_PFC JUAN_PFC JUAN FINAL_PANE

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[Idea]


The great value of these spaces and the factory is in the vast emptiness and its infinite possibilities for a city like London, as a place where popular culture of its inhabitants can really express itself, and where anything can happen .

This new cover keeps the factory function that this building originally housed, with a great variety of workshops, art exhibitions and residencial spaces.

003. PLANTA GENERAL

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[Plan]


Taking into account the priorities to respect what is precious to the inhabitants of the city, which in this case are protected exterior walls of the factory, and the three large spaces, we realize that the ideal should be a building that improves these spaces, giving prominence to the public space.

004.SECCIONES TRASNVERSALES

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[Cross sections]


006. PLANTA EGIPCIA 1.100

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[Egyptian plan]


008. SECCION TRANSVERSAL ZOOM

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[Cross section detail]


The different structural rhythm between the pillars of the two ships, wich have been built in 1939 and 1950 respectively, will be considered.

007. AXONOMETRICA CONSTRUCTIVA

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[Constructive axonometry]


009-010. CATALOGO CONSTRUCTIVO

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[Constructive catalog]


The only permanent part of the intervention is the first structural order.

The following structural order are the metal sections that hold the wood construction system.

The following minor structural orders correspond to the internal structure of the interior spaces, built with the wood construction system, which creates the whole project.

The main considerations when designing the building system are the quality of the spaces, the ability to adjust the different volumes, and always the option to grow
without modifying the already built.

011-012. ESTRUCTURA - INSTALACIONES

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[Structures Installations]


 

New Battersea Power Station

.[Situación]

[Interior view]